Music Motif - Chord
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Whole note represented by a hollow oval note head. Its length is equal to four beats in 4/4 time. A whole note lasts half as long as a double whole note.

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Half note, is a note played for half the duration of a whole note. In signature with 4/4, half note is played as 2 beats.

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A quarter note is a note played for one quarter of the duration of a whole note. Often people will say that a crotchet is one beat, however, this is not always correct, as the beat is indicated by the time signature of the music; a quarter note may or may not be the beat

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A eighth note is a musical note played for one eighth the duration of whole note

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C major (often just C or key of C) is a musical major scale based on C, with pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. Its key signature has no flats/sharps.C major is one of the most common key signatures used in music. Most transposing instruments playing in their home key are notated in C major.

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G major (or the key of G) is a major scale based on G, with the pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, and F#. Its key signature has one sharp, F#; in treble-clef key signatures, the sharp-symbol for F is usually placed on the first line from the top, though in some Baroque music it is placed on the first space from the bottom (the F one octave below).

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D major (or the key of D) is a major scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F#, G, A, B, and C#. Its key signature consists of two sharps. Its relative minor is B minor and its parallel minor is D minor.

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A major (or the key of A) is a major scale based on A, with the pitches A, B, C#, D, E, F#, and G#. Its key signature has three sharps.Its relative minor is F-sharp minor and its parallel minor is A minor.

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E major is a major scale based on E, with the pitches E, F#, G#, A, B, C#, and D#. Its key signature has four sharps. Its relative minor is C-sharp minor, and its parallel minor is E minor.

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In music theory, B major is a major scale based on B. The pitches B, C♯, D♯, E, F♯, G♯, and A♯ are all part of the B major scale. Its key signature has five sharps. B major's relative minor is G-sharp minor, its parallel minor is B minor, and its enharmonic equivalent is C-flat major.

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F major (or the key of F) is a musical major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, Bb, C, D, and E. Its key signature has one flat. Its relative minor is D minor and its parallel minor is F minor.

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Bb major or B-flat major is a major scale based on B-flat, consisting of the pitches Bb, C, D, Eb, F, G, and A. Its key signature has two flats, B/E (see below: Scales and keys). Its relative minor is G minor, and its parallel minor is Bb minor.

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Eb major or E-flat major is a major scale based on E-flat, consisting of the pitches Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C, and D. Its key signature has three flats: B, E, A. Its relative minor is C minor, and its parallel minor is Eb minor.

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A-flat major is a major scale based on A-flat, consisting of the pitches Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F, and G. Its key signature has four flats. Its relative minor is F minor, and its parallel minor is A-flat minor.

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D-flat major is a major scale based on D-flat, consisting of the pitches Db, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb and C. Its key signature has five flats. Its relative minor is B-flat minor. Its parallel minor is D-flat minor, usually replaced by C-sharp minor, since D-flat minor, which would contain a double-flat in the key signature, is rarely used for practical composing and arranging, with a similar problem with C-sharp major. Therefore, D-flat major is quite often used as the parallel major for C-sharp minor.

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G-flat major is a major scale based on G-flat, consisting of the pitches Gb, Ab, Bb, Cb, Db, Eb, and F. Its key signature has six flats. Its relative minor is E-flat minor. Its parallel minor is G-flat minor, usually replaced by F-sharp minor, since G-flat minor, which would have nine flats, is not normally used. Its enharmonic equivalent is F-sharp major, a key signature with six sharps. In writing music in E major for B-flat instruments, it is preferable to use a G-flat rather than an F-sharp key signature.